Yazd is the place where the world’s first brickwork is located, and of course, it is the second most historic city in the world.The desert city of Iran, the city of boundless historical wonders, a city that has now not a single work but has been universally recorded and put on the UNESCO World Heritage List. We want to go to the city of wind turbines and remember that there are many tourist areas in Yazd. The historic dense texture of this land will allow you to take plenty of attractions in only a few hours and make a special day for yourself. One of the attractions of the city is Amir Chakhmaq Complex which consists of the square, Tekyeh, Mosque, Market and Ab Anbar. The square belongs to the 9th century AH and is one of the most beautiful historical manifestations of this city, where it can be said that it has become a symbol. Amir Chakhmaq is one of the main tourist destinations in Yazd.
Jameh Mosque of Yazd
A very beautiful building on Imam Khomeini Square in Yazd, which has a porch and nave and a grand courtyard. It has 6 entrances and one of the masterpieces of the art of architecture in Iran. The basins of this mosque are said to have been built by the Sasanians, and the construction of the mosque has continued until the Timurid era.
After 60 kilometers along the Yazd-Kerman road, you arrive at a caravansary named Zein-o-din, which is a part of Yazd’s tourist areas and has a circular shape. The caravanserai is about 400 years old and it’s made of clay, and it is interesting to know that it has won the award for best-restored building from UNESCO.
Ice House Building
One of the most interesting tourist areas in Yazd is the Ice House Building, which is located a short distance from the city of Yazd and in the city of Meybod. This brickwork building was used to produce ice in the past, and the reason for the use of clay in it was actually that the clay prevents the outflow of cold and prevented the entry of heat. The age of this natural refrigerator dates back to the Safavid era.
Dowlat Abad Garden
A relic from the Afshariyeh and Zandieh era and one of the most beautiful Iranian gardens in the center of Yazd in Iran. The interesting thing about this garden is that the world’s tallest windmill is in it, and that’s why it has a global reputation. The wind power is 33.8 meters high and has been registered as a UNESCO World Heritage site. At first, the interior of this garden may remind you of the Fin Garden but as you will notice, it does not look like it by any means.
Tower of Silence
The tower of silence can certainly be considered one of the most mysterious buildings in Yazd. The buildings to which they attribute the tower are the catacombs in the wilderness that belong to the Zoroastrians. In the past, religious practices had been performed in these buildings, and various ceremonies had taken place there, and also they were used as the place to bury Zoroastrianism. The tower of the Yazd is also called Zoroastrian’s Dakhmeh, and in fact it’s another name for it. These caves are located 15 km from Yazd in the Safari district. The towers are actually two, one of which is older than the other. They are deliberately built outside the city so that if there is any pollution, the wind cannot bring it into the city. The towers roofs are dome-shaped and divided into different parts of men’s, women’s, and children’s, and there is a large well in the middle of it, which is the bone burial site. The mountain near the caves is famous for being the mountains of the catacombs.
Yazd Atash Behram
This is also a famous fire temple that really does not need to be introduced. The famous fire temple of Yazd in Iran, where the Zoroastrian holy sanctuary is located. A fire that has not been shut down for 1500 years. Visitors and tourists can go to the fire temple and watch it from behind the glass.
This fire temple is located on Ayatollah Kashani Expressway and is one of the most famous places in Yazd. The architecture of this fire temple is based on the architecture of the Achaemenid era. In the middle of this building, there is a pond that attracts both visitors and Zoroastrians.
Also known as the Ziayeh School, it was built in the seventh century and is located in one of the oldest areas of Yazd, the Fahadan area. This prison has a very simple and beautiful architecture and it’s made of raw clay. Just in the middle of it, there is a well which is known to have been used as a dungeon. But the fact is that this well is not a dungeon, it’s just a regular well. This museum exhibits historical works and displays the value of water in a desert region. It is often referred to as one of the best water museums in the world, where historical monuments can be found in various fields related to water, and a bit more about the history of this land. In the five floors of this museum, you can see various works on water and how they’ve used it in the past. One of the characteristics of the Yazd Water Museum is the passage of a few hundred years old qanāts, among which it adds to its importance. Documents and supplies for dividing water, digging aqueducts, containers, and water carriers are among the things that you see in this museum.
Yazd Khan Bazaar
One of the biggest markets in Yazd. In the past, this market was only for Khans and ordinary people could not use it for the same reason it was named Khan’s bazaar. There are 20 Teachers in this market showing its dynamics after all these years.
One of the oldest clock towers in Iran and the world, and according to historical sources, it is the first Iranian city clock. The construction of this clock tower dates back to the Qajar era. The arches, arches, brick decoration, and tilework with lines of verses have given it a special look.
One of the eye-catching examples of Iranian homes. Fifty or sixty year’s old mirrors are among the features of this beautiful building that shows the magnificence and beauty of the architecture. The pillars in the hall and doors with colored glasses are other beauties of this house.
Koushik-e No Watermill
The monument belongs to the Safavid period, which stands in the historic Koushk-e No district. The mill is located at a depth of 22 meters from the ground and includes three parts including a warehouse, a workshop and a waterspout which is 16 meters long and one of the deepest in the world.
Heidarzadeh’s Museum of Coin and Anthropology
It is a specialized coin museum. You can find collections of old coins (gold, silver, copper, brass) from the Achaemenid period to the present day in the museum. The gold and silver coin of Abbas ibn Mamoun and Ahmad bin Ali Samani, plus Karim Khan Zand and Nadir Shah’s Coin are among the most famous of them. Old banknotes collection from Nasir al-Din Shah to the present time, more than 100 old locks, silver ornament sets, agate and brass ring sets, war tools collection, food sets, lighting sets, rose collection in a variety of silver plain, agate, amber are among the other attractions of this museum.
Six Windbreak Ab Anbar
This water storage, as its name implies, has six windbreaks, three of which originally existed, and three more windbreaks were later added to it. With a little attention to details, you can recognize the difference between the old windbreaks with the new ones. This water storage is built in the form of an 8-axis to adapt to the climatic conditions and wind direction in the area. This large water tank has a capacity of over 2000 cubic meters, and there are two access routes to the reservoir, one for the use of Muslims and one for the use of the Zoroastrian minority.
Awnings and Windbreaks
Yazd is not all about old houses. What distinguishes this city from many Iranian cities is the traditional texture that makes everyone walk and watches every corner of it. In this city in order to get some shade and a cool breeze in the heat of the summer all you have to do is find an awning or windbreak. A stream that flows without using any energy. Only through the intelligence and art of architects, this stream flows towards houses in the middle of a desert climate. The number of windbreaks is so high that the city has been named as the city of windbreakers. After that, we can focus on alleys that have a ceiling above their surface to save the inhabitants and guests of the city from the burning sparkles of the desert sun. Sometimes there are resting rigs in the corners of the street so that people can sit and rest for a bit.
The city’s old Tower and Fortifications
In the past, the cities were equipped to protect the lives of the inhabitants from the invasion of looters and enemies. Using a tower, ditch, and gate so that they could defend themselves against any attack. Yazd in Iran is no different. The remains of the fortifications from the Daylamites era are still standing.
The Twelve Imams Shrine
The shrine is located in Fahadan neighborhood. It goes back to the Seljuk period. Its brick dome is considered as one of the important works of that period. Based on historical documents, it is the oldest building in Yazd and it has a special significance in Islamic architecture in terms of its style and role.
The building has a hall with a windbreaker, 2 rooms, and various other parts. This mansion and garden is a residential and private property. Extensions to the original building have been made in different periods of time.
Lights and mirrors museum
The architectural style of this building is traditional and European. The rooms have a great outdoor view and also it has a pool.
The museum built in this mansion includes the following objects:
Pendant Lighting Items Including Mounting, Pendant, Standing and Hand-held
Pile burning Items Including Mounting, Pendant, Standing and Hand-held. Fuel Oil Burners, Gas Burners, Electric Burners, and Mirror Sets.
Malek Al-Tojar Traditional Hotel
A Historic building with stunning beauty. This house consists of several rooms, each with its own special features. There are spectacular paintings on the walls and ceilings of most of the rooms that are the work of artists from Shiraz. It took 10 years to portray these paintings. Here is a list of Different parts of the house, beautiful entrance, hexagonal vestibule, winter and summer part, spring house, royal palace, amazing wooden pillars, open-air courtyard, beautiful windpipe, large pond and underground corridors, mirror room … Each of them better than the last one. Today, the building is used as a place for tourists to stay and is also it is deemed as the world’s first brick-and-mortar hotel.
One of the most interesting works of Zoroastrians in Iran which shows the traditions and customs of their burial in the past. The catacombs are located near the city of Yazd. The city is named as Iran’s first World Heritage Site in the UNESCO World Heritage List.