This time, we want to head to the village of Ammameh, Tehran which is one of the capital’s good towns in terms of weather for Yaylak. Ammameh has a host of fruit trees and rivers that feed the village. The architecture of the village has undergone many changes over the years, but the effects of the old houses can still be seen. Come along with us to this village and let’s have a wonderful experience.

Ammameh Village

Amameh is basically good for Yaylak and has a great climate. In Ammameh village, you can see the historical and natural attractions of Maziar castle to the water springs. The village was one of the old hunting grounds of the Qajar era and was popular among the country’s kings in that particular period. It has excellent track and climbing trails.
In the southern slopes of central Alborz, behind the maze of Rudbar Qasran in the city of Shemiranat, is one of the largest villages in this part of the country which is divided into two sections of the upper and lower parts. This beautiful village owes its significance to a historic fortress called Maziar castle at the highest point of the village. When you enter the village, the first thing that catches your attention is the gardens, with fruits such as walnuts and red apples. Ammameh village is blessed by the presence of tumultuous springs, and they provide plenty of water for its surrounding areas. But the most interesting point about this village is a girl who took her sheep grazing around Ammameh many years ago and managed to steal the heart of the Qajar king. She was Anisodole.

The Shah’s Favorite

During the Qajar period, most of the villages around Tehran were host to kings of this particular period. One day, when Naser al-Din Shah Qajar is hunting in the northeastern country of Ammameh, the daughter of a shepherd named “Fatima” sees him and starts talking to her. The shah falls for her and surprisingly she decides to marry the 16-year-old girl. Fatima studies at the royal court and becomes educated. The shah replaces Giran (her ex-wife) with Fatima, and later on, she demands to be called “Anisodole”. This is the same girl who, by breaking the harem’s hookahs, forced the Shah to follow Mirza Shirazi’s fatwa for banning tobacco and was the first lady to go to Russia, but unfortunately due to incompatibility with their culture she came back. Anisodole was very loyal to the Shah and mourned his death after the assassination.
After the wedding, good things happened for the village and they received a lot of facilities by the grace of her. Years later, when having a surname was mandatory, many of the village’s families chose the surname “Anisi”, and now the “Anisi” tribe still lives in the village.

Sights and attractions

Gardens and alleys

The gardens are one of the best places for getting away from urban life and calm things down. The Ammameh village has over 30 hectares of pear trees, walnuts, apples, cherries and peaches which are in different parts of the village, due to its geographical location. The greenery of the gardens is due to the presence of nearby aqueducts and springs like Pir-Hamza spring, where water flows directly to the trees. Alleyways in the countryside are very interesting and spectacular, and each season they get a special color and glaze. After exploring the village’s thriving alleys you can go see the river which originates from the summit of Mehr-Chal Mountain and walks along the famous Walking trail located Ammameh-e Pain and Kolugan that also connects the two together.


The Ammameh village is located northeast of Tehran and is a haven for climbers who want to climb peaks like Hamhen, Mehr-Chal, and Colun. In order to safely climb to Hamhen summit, you can stop on the way from Ammameh to Rahat-Abad, in a place called the Strait Garden (the path to reach it is like the path to Maziar castle) and then in the direction of the north and northeast of the mountain you can start your climb to the summit. If you want to climb to Mehr-Chal and Colun summit you need to get help from the locals.

Walking from Ammameh village to Kolugan

If you are a nature lover, this route will certainly attract your attention. One might suggest that most of the nature lovers know the village because of this route. To get to this beautiful trail, you must first get to Ammameh Square and turn right into the alley of “Eight Mt. Mia” and then enter Kolugan Valley. After entering the route, you have about 5 hours to get to Kolugan Waterfall; however, the village itself is closer to the waterfall. At the very beginning of the path towards Ammameh-e Pain, the trees with their colorful fruits, take each spectator as their prisoner. Go down the valley and the river, and preferably cross the road. Along the way, you may encounter difficult and uneven areas, so try to get ahead of the river and do not divert it. The waterfall is about 30 meters high from the valley on your right and in a subway that you can reach in about 500 meters.

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Maziar castle

The castle of Ammameh which is also known as the stone castle is about 1200 years old. Multiple narrations state that the castle was built by prince Mardavij from the Ziyarid dynasty and was originally built in the style of a military fortress such as the one Hasan Sabah built. The castle is about 900 square meters and is about 2450 meters above sea level. It is said that the castle had two parts: the northern (for commoners) and the southern (for kings), which was very difficult to access and was only possible from the northern part. The fort was also used as a prison for the fighters of Mazandaran.

Access to the castle is relatively difficult because it is located in a higher location than its surroundings, and most likely the reason for that was to create a strategic position to protect the castle. Maziar castle remains as parts, such as rooms, ramparts, defensive fence, cave, qanat, citadel, and its southern sections. The pottery found around it belong to early Islamic periods. The castle is also made up of materials such as Sarooj, mortar, and gypsum that they used to build castles in the past. The castle was registered with the number 3972 on October 10, 2001, in the national monuments list.

Historical inscriptions of Pir Hamza

One of the most prominent attractions of the Ammameh village, which many people visit is the inscription and the fountain of springs at Mehr-Chal highlands. The fountain is the main source of drinking water for the village and the locals have particular respect and sanctity for this spring. To see the fountain you have to go to the highway and go to the left or the west when you reach the Bagh-Tangeh Bridge; of course, it is not easy to get to this spring, there is about a 2 to 3 hours walk from in the highlands before you can reach the fountain.

Bagh-Tangeh Area

Another spectacular attraction of the village is the Bagh-Tangeh Area, located in the northern parts of the village, which you will have to go through in order to get to the peaks or seeing the Maziar castle. This area is very popular due to the massive size of its trees and its rivers, and tourists are choosing this part of the village every year for picnics and walks.
We want to have a short trip to the village of Harandeh. This beautiful but small village has a lot of charm that we will get to later on in this article. We will tell you how to get to Burnik Cave and so much more. So come along with us.

Harandeh Village

It is also used for Yaylak purposes and is close to the capital, with weather that is nothing like the capital itself. The alleyways of this village are unique for taking pictures and walking, especially in the fall season. This village has spectacular attractions such as Emamzadeh Yahya. Nemrood Water Reservoir flows through the village, creating a good atmosphere which is suitable for picnics and summer recreation in the countryside.
There is a good place for Yaylak purposes in about 120 km northeast of Tehran, a small village that gets more beautiful throughout the year. Harandeh is full of gardens, each of which provides certain fruits for the village. In the village, there is also a small Emamzadeh called Yahya, which the people of the village appeal to and is very sacred to them.
When you enter the village, the noise of the stream of water from Nemrut River will be hard to miss, follow it to the cavern. Thousands of years ago this particular cavern was a safe place for early humans. Burnik Cave is located south of the village, on the way there are lots of wild hawthorn shrubs and mountain barbells. This cave does not only give you a spectacular view of Harandeh but it also familiarizes you with the scenery.

Sights and attractions

In this section, we will go to the Ammameh village and talk about its beauty and charm. Take a walk in the village and visit the beautiful alleys. One of the attractions of the villages around Tehran is their unique alleyways. When you arrive at Harandeh and enter the village square, on the right is a street that leads you to a beautiful alley. If you want to see the red apple trees of the village and do not miss the pleasure of watching them, be sure to be there around October. Harandeh is beautiful at other times too. The fragrance of the apple trees gives the village a special feeling that you cannot find anywhere else.
This long street is the destination of many tours. This path leads you towards a beautiful cave. Further on we will talk more about Burnick Cave and how to access it.

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The monuments

Emamzadeh Yahya

Imamzadeh Yahya is a cylindrical tower in the southern part of the village. The historic structure dates back to the 6th and 7th centuries AH and is made of materials such as stones, gypsum, and sarooj. There are 8 graves inside the Emamzadeh, which is said to belong to his close relatives. Some years ago, inside the Emamzadeh, a Kofi script was found that seems to belong to the Ilkhanate period.

Shir Darreh

This hill is located in the southeastern part of the Ammameh village and it is distinguished for its red soil. Unfortunately, in this ancient hill, illegal drilling has taken place, resulting in the discovery of a number of pottery and burial devices. In the northwestern part of the hill, there are also remnants of a watchtower, dating back to an Islamic period most likely to date from the 4th and 5th centuries, and used to monitor and protect the region.

Burnik Cave

This cave is located in the northeastern part of the Ammameh village overlooking a vast plain with a rich variety of vegetation, called the Burnik Plain. If you want to take a walk from the village to the cave, it will take about 2 hours, which entails about 1 hour of steep climbing. There are 148 steps in the mouth of the cave that leads you into the cave, a large, almost triangular crater at an altitude of 8 meters, where thousands of years ago the early humans occupied. The length of the cave is 3473 m. This cave is the longest cave in Tehran province and the fourth longest cave in Iran.
Historical and archaeological values of the Burnik Cave led to its inclusion in the list of national monuments of Iran on October 7, 2002, with the registration number 6337.

Within the cave, you can see natural beauties such as Stalagmites. The genus is a beautiful calcareous cave and consists of three large chambers, at the bottom of which small and large bats can be found.

Swimming in Nimrod

Nimrod River is a branch of HablehRood and originates from the altitude of 2800 meters to the north of Alborz. Parts of this river pass through a magnificent path through almond gardens, and waters trees such as willow and aspen. If you go to Ammameh village in the summer, you can go for a swim and cool yourself down. Photography on the small wooden bridge on the river is recommended.

Walking from Harandeh to Khomedeh

One of the most famous activities that most tourists in this village like to do is the hiking trail between these two villages. For doing so, first, enter Harandeh and then continue the path to Burnik Cave, and then take the path towards Khomedeh village. In this path, the beauty is immense; from the beautiful trees around the river from the river itself to the tiny fruits such as blackberries and ramsons, which are found almost anywhere. You do not need a guide to walk around, because the whole route is clear and the river will show you the way. The trail takes about 2 to 3 hours (depending on your speed), so consider all aspects before starting the hike.

Best Season for Travel to Ammameh village

The Ammameh village is about 1800 meters above sea level and it is cold in winter and pleasant in summer.
Spring and summer: Due to the mountainous nature of the area, the weather is mild and pleasant. In the early spring, you can also see blooms on the trees.
Fall: Starting in autumn, red apples are on the trees, and some believe the best time to go to Harandeh is in October. As the end of the fall approaches, the weather goes cold.
Winter: The mountainous climate brings cool and hard winters.



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