The city of Hamadan (Hegmataneh) is considered to be the cradle of Iranian history and civilization. History, cool weather and the unique attractions of historical and natural tourism are the least this city has to offer. Due to the moderate climate of Hamadan in the warm seasons, it is considered to be a great option for summer trips.
Hamadan is considered to be one of the high altitude provinces of the country in the west. The city is bounded to the north by Qazvin and Zanjan provinces, from the west by the provinces of Kurdistan and Kermanshah, south by Lorestan province and from the east by the Central province. With an area of 19493 square kilometers, it is one of the largest cities in the country. The city is located on the slopes of Mount Alvand and its height from the sea level is 1741 meters, that’s why it is one of the oldest cities in Iran.
The geographical location and climatic that the city offers, has led the inhabitants of the Iranian tribes from thousands of years ago to live there. The excavations carried out on the Gayan Nahavand have unveiled that the city goes back to at least 6,000 years ago. Years before the Aryan’s set foot on Iran, a tribal resident named Gaussian lived in this particular area. According to the findings, the civilization in this province can be attributed to the third millennium BC.
But Hamadan is known more by the name of the kingdom of the Medes. According to Herodotus, the famous Greek historian, the Medes managed to reach power in the late eighteenth century BC and set up the first integrated and powerful government on the Iranian plateau. Di Koko, the first Shah of Mede, chose Hamadan as the capital of his empire, the capital that is famous for “Hegmataneh”. Today, the remnants of the Hegmataneh hill, are considered to be the remains of the city and the castle of Diako. Hamadan also boomed during the Achaemenid period and was known as their summer capital. The remnants left over from the Achaemenid period indicate the importance of this city at that time.
Undoubtedly, Ali-Sadr Cave is the most famous tourist attraction (of a natural type) in Hamadan. Ali-Sadr is the longest water cave in the world, located about 70 km from the city of Hamadan. You will see the most beautiful natural scenery in this amazing cave. To get to this cave, you have to go to the city of Kabudarahang and through the village of Ali-Sadr. After getting a ticket, you will go by boats to the cave and from there you can actually watch the wonders of it. There are also walking trails in some parts of the cave. The interesting thing about this cave and many other caves is that the temperature of the air in all seasons is fixed at about 20 ° C. When traveling to Hamadan, do not forget to visit Ali-Sadr’s unique cave.
Ganj-Name Historical Complex
Ganj-Name inscriptions are one of the most important archaeological inscriptions of the country that have survived the reign of Dariush Kabir and Khashayar of Achaemenid Empire. The inscriptions are carved in three ancient Persian languages, the Elamite language and the Babylonian language in the cliffs of Mount Alvand. Translation of a small part of the inscription: “The great god is Ahuramazda, who created this land, who created the heavens, created people, who created joy for the people, who made Darius the king, King Of many, from the many. I am Darius the great king, the king of the kings, the king of the lands which inhabits various races, the king of the far and distant lands, son of the Great Achaemenid king Hystaspes.”
After watching these valuable monuments in the complex, you will be able to watch the beautiful Ganj-Name waterfalls. This particular waterfall is 12 meters high and it is located on the way to Alvand mountain ranges. In both warm and cold seasons, tourists and enthusiasts of rock climbing and nature come to visit this so-called “attraction”.
Abu Ali Sina’s Tomb
The tomb of the famous Iranian physician and poet is in the city of Hamadan. The design of the Mausoleum of Bu-Ali Sinai is inspired by the famous Tower of Gonbad Qaboos in the city of Gonbad. Part of this site is dedicated to keeping the old exploratory objects from this city and the other part is dedicated to showcasing the monumental books and works of Bu Ali Sina. The tomb of is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Hamadan. It is located in the center of the city.
The tomb of Baba Tahir is also in Hamadan. Baba Tahir is a famous poet from the fourth and fifth century Iran. The tomb is located in Babatahir Square, in somewhat the center of the city. In its vicinity, there is also the Hamadan Handicrafts Museum, which you should definitely visit.
It is one of the oldest historical regions of the country. Hegmataneh is known to be the first capital of the country. According to Herodotus, the famous Greek historian, this city was built on the orders of Diako, the first king of the Medes. They say that the city was within seven layers of walls, each with a particular color. Diaco himself lived in the heart of the city and in the last layer, so ordinary people would not be able to see him closely. During excavations in this area, valuable works from various historical periods including Achaemenids have been discovered. The Hegmataneh Museum is located next to this ancient hill, and many artifacts are kept at this museum.
One of Hamadan’s most intriguing historical sites is considered to be the Hamam-Ghale. A 1500m bathhouse that has now become a museum. It consists of two hot and cold sections that have a pivotal entrance. After passing through the vestibule, first, the cold bath and then the warm bath is located. After rebuilding in 1387, the bathroom changed and became known as the Museum of Anthropology in Hamadan. Inside the bathroom, there is also a traditional dining room.
One of Hamadan’s most beautiful mirages is located approximately an hour and a half outside of the city, 20 km before Nahavand. The Giyan Mirage is considered to be one of the most abundant mirages in the region. Giyan means “life” in Kurdish. The water comes out from the heart of the mountain and has a beautiful waterfall. The interesting thing about this area, in addition to the air that simply rejuvenates the soul, is its old-fashioned elderly trees. Also, the road that goes to the mirage is a green and lush road which reminds people of the north part of the country.
During your visit, you might want to get some distance from the city and have a good place to rest and relax for a few hours. Our recommendation is the Mishan plains. A place in which the nomadic people used to stay, but recently it has become a beautiful resting spot on the Alvand slopes. To get there you need to climb the mountain, but not all the way to the top, so it can be considered as a good sport in a way.
Hamadan is the oldest city in Iran, hence there are many historical monuments in this particular city. One of them is the Alavian dome from the Seljuk period. It is considered to be one of the architectural masterpieces in Iran. The dome was first used by the mosque, but later it became a family tomb.
One of the most beautiful markets in Iran is the historical market of Hamadan. The market was built in the Qajar period and like all markets from that time, has different departments and functions. Shoemaker’s market, spice seller’s market, butcher’s market, and so on. Felt, Kilim, handmade carpets, Kamaj Naan, Leather, Basloogh, Shirmal Naan, pottery and the famous coconut candy of Hamadan can all be purchased from the market.