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What are the conditions for obtaining Iranian citizenship and permanent residence in Iran?

When we raise the question of Iranian citizenship, at first we need to know the definition of citizenship and residency and their differences, in order not to get confused.

Definition of Citizenship:

Nationality is a political, legal, and spiritual relationship that links a person as being a legal member of a sovereign state or in other words belonging to a nation.
Under Article 979 of the Civil Code: Persons who have the following conditions can acquire Iranian citizenship:
1.    Have reached the age of 18 years.
2.    Two to five years, consecutively or differently, have legally resided in Iran.
3.    To have done the military service required in their respective origin country.
4.    Condemned of no major offense or non-political crime in any country.
In the case of the second paragraph of this article, a period of residence abroad in service of the government of Iran is counted the same as living in Iran.
Article 980 of the Civil Code: In addition, those who have served or contributed to the public affairs of Iran as well as those who have Iranian descent and have Iranian children, or have scientific authorities and expertise in public affairs in case they are to apply for the citizenship of the Islamic Republic of Iran, If the government considers them to be eligible, they may be admitted to Iran subject to the approval of the Cabinet of Ministers, without observing the condition of residence.
 Iranian citizenship

But what are the steps to obtain citizenship?

The steps are taken to obtain the citizenship of the Islamic Republic of Iran:
Individuals who seek to become a citizen of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran can apply at the Department of State’s Citizenship Office or the offices of foreign nationals and immigrants throughout the country.
Limitations on individuals who study Iranian citizenship:
Article 982 of the Civil Code: Individuals who study Iranian citizenship benefit from all rights granted to Iranians but cannot reach the following authorities:
1.    The Presidency and his deputies
2.    Membership in the Guardian Council and the Presidency of the Judicial system of Iran
3.    Serve as a minister or deputy minister
4.    Membership in the Islamic Consultative Assembly
5.    Membership in the provincial and city councils
6.    Recruitment at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as well as any post or political mission
7.    Judging
8.    The highest command category in the army, The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps and the police
9.    The establishment of important intelligence and security posts

Before defining permanent residence, we must define the term, alien:

Definition of alien:

In any country, in relation to a citizen which is a person who has the nationality of that country, there are those who, depending on whether they have the nationality of another government, or because of the non-citizenship of any country, are subject to the particular government as an alien.
According to Article 4 of the Statue of Ordibehesht 19, 1310, “the residence of foreign nationals in Iran is twofold: temporary residence and permanent residence. A permanent resident is a foreigner on a permanent residence in Iran, otherwise, the foreigner’s stay in Iran will be temporary residence”

If any of the following conditions are met and after the consent of the police, a permanent residence permit will be issued to the applicant:

A.    The applicant has 5 years of legal or continuous legal residence in Iran and has reached the age of 18 at the time of applying.
B.    The applicant has two or more years of legal or continuous legal residence in Iran, and his/her highest scientific qualifications or profession or his expertise in manufacturing and development has been approved by the authorities.
C.    The applicant has two or more years of legal or continuous legal residence in Iran, and his worthy service to the public affairs in Iran has been approved by the authorities.
D.    The applicant has an Iranian wife or an Iranian child.
E.    The applicant has a two-year record of continuous legal residence in Iran and has invested in Iran’s manufacturing and development affairs, approved by the authorities.
F.    The applicant has two or more years of legal or continuous legal residence in Iran, and his personal income or pension rights have been approved by one of the authorized banks in Iran.

Sources:

Private International Law Book Compiled by Dr. Behshid Arfa Nia
Collection of Iranian Civil Rights Laws
1.    Private International Law Compiled by Dr. Behshid Arfahnia p. 43
2.    Private International Law Compiled by Dr. Behshid Arfahnia p. 184
3.    Private International Law Written by Dr. Behshid Arfa Nia, p. 201
4.    In accordance with Article 6 of the Amendment to the 1350 Law on the Entry and Residence of Foreign Citizens/Article 5 of the Administrative Procedure Act, dated 3.12.25/Article 3 of the Law on Entry and Residence of Foreign Citizens approved in 13

Why one might want to travel to Shiraz?

Some of the best and most famous ancient Iranian attractions are located near the city of Shiraz. Such as Persepolis, Pasargadae and the Tomb of Cyrus, palaces, castles, and cities from the Sassanid era, Naqsh-e Rustam, Naqsh-e Rajab. Some of the top Iranian monuments and architectures are also in this city. Such as Nasir-al-Molk Mosque, Vakil Bath, Atigh Jame’ Mosque, Qur’an Gate, Arg of Karim Khan. Some of the best and most beautiful Iranian gardens are in this city too. Such as Eram Garden, Qavam House, Delgosha Garden, Ghasr-e Dasht. Shiraz is one of the best cities in Iran for shopping, due to numerous, diverse, modern and traditional shopping malls. Shiraz is one of the most prominent cities in Iran. The tomb of some of the most famous Iranian poets is in this city. Such as Hafez, Saadi Shirazi, and Khwaju Kermani. One of the top five tourism cities in Iran. Shiraz is one of the best cities for Medical tourism. One of the most famous cities in Iran in the field of various trade, scientific and medical exhibitions.

Shiraz

Yazd

Yazd is the place where the world’s first brickwork is located, and of course, it is the second most historic city in the world.The desert city of Iran, the city of boundless historical wonders, a city that has now not a single work but has been universally recorded and put on the UNESCO World Heritage List. We want to go to the city of wind turbines and remember that there are many tourist areas in Yazd. The historic dense texture of this land will allow you to take plenty of attractions in only a few hours and make a special day for yourself. One of the attractions of the city is Amir Chakhmaq Complex which consists of the square, Tekyeh, Mosque, Market and Ab Anbar. The square belongs to the 9th century AH and is one of the most beautiful historical manifestations of this city, where it can be said that it has become a symbol. Amir Chakhmaq is one of the main tourist destinations in Yazd.Yazd

Tehran

Tehran is the largest and most densely populated city in Iran. A city in the heart of the Alborz Mountain Range. From everywhere in the city, the glorious peak of Damavand glorifies. The city is full of historic mansions and old gardens. It has beautiful and valuable museums, gardens and very old historical mansions, which are considered as one of the major attractions of this great city.

Tehran

Isfahan

Isfahan is a city famous for its stunning historical monuments, which in turn these attractions boast a global reputation for the city. The city is filled with tourists who admire the unique architecture and beauty of this city.

Isfahan

Chehel Sotoun

Chehel Sotoun Palace This particular palace was once owned by the Safavid dynasty. a beautiful mansion that once served as a reception room for the king’s guests and also foreign ambassadors. By the way, this palace is not really composed of forty pillars, the reason for this is a large number of columns that double in the water’s reflection.

Chehel Sotoun

Ālī Qāpū

Ālī Qāpū Palace The magnificent royal palace, with its extraordinary architecture, is located on the west side of Naqsh-e Jahan Square. It attracts the attention of every visitor passing through the town. The construction of this mansion is unique because every time you look at it you see a new floor pop out of it. The number of floors you see looking from the west is five, from the eastern side its two floors and from the stairs, you will see seven floors in this palace.Ālī Qāpū

Naqsh-e Jahan Square

Naqsh-e Jahan Square It is safe to say that this one of the most beautiful squares in the world, and it can even be said that it is impossible for a tourist to travel to Esfahan and not visit this. In fact, when you visit the square, you can also enjoy watching the four fantastic monuments around the Square.

Naqsh-e Jahan Square

Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque

Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque In the same area, just opposite the Qapu palace, there is a mosque which doesn’t have a courtyard or a minaret but it has traditional blue tiles. It really is a shame to miss.

Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque

Shah Mosque

Shah Mosque Another mosque in the same area is this one known as the “Shah Mosque”. In 1020 AH, Shah Abbas ordered to commemorate his grandfather, Shah Tahmasb, on the occasion of his twenty-fourth year in charge. The name of this mosque was later changed to the Imam’s mosque after the victory of the revolution in the.

Shah Mosque

Khaju Bridge

Khaju Bridge Nowadays, due to its unique architecture and tiling, it is one of the most famous bridges built on Zayanderud. As an introduction to the culture and religious rituals of Armenians in our country, traveling to the beautiful city of Isfahan and visiting historic churches, can be a vital part of your travel experience.

Khaju Bridge

Vank church

Vank is a combination of Iranian and European architecture. Its artistic decoration, the stunning paintings, and gilding. The church was built by Armenians brought to Iran by Shah Abbas. It is the first church built by the Armenians after settling in the Jolfa region of Isfahan. This cathedral is the only one in all of Isfahan and it is the residence of the Armenian Khalifa’s from Iran and India.

Vank church

Menar Jonban

Menar Jonban One of the most spectacular historical minarets in, located at the site of a mystic called “Amu Abdullah.” For many years, tourists have visited visit Isfahan for this particular structure. The thing that distinguishes this minaret from other minarets is that when a minaret shakes the whole building shakes with it.

Menar Jonban

Hasht Behesht

Hasht Behesht Palace This stunning octagonal mansion dates back to the reign of the Safavid dynasty. This two-story mansion was one of the palaces of Shah Suleiman Safavid and it had been for some time a residence of his family. The decoration and architecture of this building are such that it is one of the brightest and most magnificent architectural works of the Safavid era.

Hasht Behesht

Fire temple

Fire temple of Isfahan In our country, there are very few monuments dating back to pre-Islamic times. One of these monuments is the Isfahan Fire Temple located on top of a mountain of the same name. It is said that the construction of this fireplace dates back to the Sassanid reign, a place for worshiping fire.Fire temple

Isfahan Historical Market

Isfahan Historical Market During the Safavids and Qajar dynasties, a large market was built in the heart of Isfahan around the Naqsh-e Jahan Square, which is a mix of architecture, art, and history. On the eve of various sections of this market, paintings and designs of the Shah Abbas wars have been drawn that you will observe in a corner of the Safavid history watching it. In different parts of this market, drawings and designs of the Shah Abbas wars have been drawn in order that you will be familiar with the history of the Safavids over time.

Isfahan Historical Market

Si-o-se-pol

Si-o-se-pol (Allahverdi Khan Bridge) During the reign of the Safavid kings, when the city of Isfahan was chosen as the capital, the Safavids decided to expand the city. For the development and expansion of the city, the four gardens area were considered the best option; due to the passage of Zayandeh Rood from this area, the king ordered the construction of a bridge on this river. This bridge is the same as the “Allahverdi Khan Bridge “, which later it became known as Si-o-se-pol. The architecture is such that the bridge is perfectly in line with the four garden gardens area and it is still considered one of the best monuments and attractions of Isfahan. While watching the monuments and amazing architecture along with the prestigious attractions of Isfahan, it is not a bad idea to go see the underwater world and aquarium tunnel of the city and invite yourself to a different experience traveling to the south of the world.

Si-o-se-pol

Abbasi Hotel

Abbasi Hotel A hotel with 320 years of history, built during the reign of the last Safavid king Shah Sultan Hussein. The Hotel has 231 rooms, suites, and apartments built in accordance with international standards. Every year it welcomes thousands of guests plus domestic and foreign tourists from around the world as well as dozens of delegations from top political parties and international figures. Over the past 40 years, more than 150 prominent personalities at one point in time have been staying in this hotel, which is expected to be published as a book.

Abbasi Hotel

Flower Garden

Flower Garden of Isfahan The flower garden is one of the sights and attractions of Isfahan. The flower garden of Isfahan has multiple uses as of entertainment,

Flower Garden

 

Kermanshah

Kermanshah is located in the middle of the Zagros Mountains and it has always been considered by people from the Stone Age for its weather, mountainous nature and the presence of sanctuaries and natural caves.
In terms of remnants of prehistoric settlements, Kermanshah is one of the important regions in Iran and Western Asia. The earliest works of human habitation in Kermanshah go back to the Paleolithic period which includes several stone shaped axes found in the Gakia region and the west of Harsin. These works are at least 200,000 years old. Significant works have been discovered from the Stone Age in the caves of Kermanshah, most of them in Mesopotamian and Neolithic periods.Kermanshah


Anahita Temple

Anahita Temple is the largest stone building in Iran after Persepolis. It is considered to be one of the ancient monuments of the BC era and is located in Kanarek, Kermanshah Province. According to historical documents, this temple was used as a temple to seek the respect and protection of the goddess of water, Anahita. After the advent of Islam in Iran, questions were raised as to how the temple had managed to endure for so long. This great monument dates back to the Achaemenid, Parthian, and Sassanian periods.

Fash Mirage is one of the most beautiful natural attractions of Cannavaro, located 10 kilometers southwest of the city. The mirage is about 1645 meters above sea level. It is composed of several springs stemming from the Zagros Mountains. The agricultural water in the whole village comes from this particular mirage. Visar and Bayjan are among the most important rivers that originate from this Mirage. Visar River flows through the village and it is mostly used for irrigation gardens, eventually, it flows into the Bayjan River. This river is used to water agricultural lands nearby. Like all other mirages, this one, in particular, has been created from the limestone formation of the region.

Anahita Temple


Tekyeh Moaven al-Molk

Tekyeh Moaven al-Molk goes back to the Qajar period, around 114 years ago. This building is a mourning site located in Haddad-e-Adel Street, in Kermanshah. Old people still know the neighborhood with its old name, Abshooran.

Tekyeh Moaven al-Molk


Kermanshah’s market

Kermanshah’s market is one of the main sections of the city and one of the largest indoor markets in Iran. The market is a proper tourist attraction. In this market, you can buy local clothing, souvenirs, and handicrafts from the Kermanshah Province.

Kermanshah’s market


Zagros Paleolithic Museum

Zagros Paleolithic Museum is a prehistoric art site, one of the world’s best-known museums. It is considered to be the first Middle Eastern Paleolithic Museum. The museum is located in the Modaress Street in Kermanshah. It was founded in 2007 by Fereydoun Biglari and Moradi Bitoni. It includes a collection of tools and human bones from the Paleolithic periods in Iran and other countries.
The oldest piece of work in the museum is the tools that have been discovered in the Khorasan River from nearly a million years ago. Also in the museum are Moulages from the Neanderthal-human skull and the intelligent man and also images rebuilt from the Stone Age hunters.

Zagros Paleolithic Museum


Shafei Mosque

Shafei Mosque is a Sunni Mosque in the city of Kermanshah. It is located in the Kermanshah Market, established in 1324. This mosque leads to the Janshir Square on the one hand, and on the other to the market. It was bought by a number of Sunni benefactors under the leadership of the late Hajj Molasid Hussein Mas’udi. Today, prayers will be held only in the new mosque built alongside the old one.

Shafei Mosque


Taq Boston

Taq Boston is a collection of rocks and stones from the Sassanid period that is located in Iran’s Taq Boston neighborhood located northwest of Kermanshah. It was built in the third century and has a great artistic and historical value.

Taq Boston


Bam-e Kermanshah

Bam-e Kermanshah is located in the northern part of Kermanshah. it is one of the largest and most beautiful tourist parks in Kermanshah and Iran, located near Taq Boston. In this park, two artificial waterfalls have been built alongside with a building as a memorial for anonymous martyrs.

Bam-e Kermanshah


Flower garden

Kermanshah can be named after Isfahan as the second city to have a flower garden. It is one of the most unique attributes a city can have. An area of 5 hectares, home to 4,000 species of flowers. Four gardens of Iranian, Italian, French and Japanese flowers. It is a beautiful and spectacular region in the spring and summer seasons.

Flower garden


Sadaf Birds Garden

Sadaf Birds Garden is the largest in the Middle East and it is equipped with a boarding hospital for birds.
90% of the birds are imported from South America and East Asia, one the most important species in the garden is a black swan alongside a host of different chicken and cocks. It has 30 thousand birds and 130 species, of which 90% of them are foreign birds and 10% are Iranian birds.

Sadaf Birds Garden


Sahneh, the capital of Iran’s mystical music

The city is located on the road from Kangavar to Behistun. Throughout the streets of this city, Platanus trees give a special freshness to the environment.
The city and its people are all about music, it is considered to be the capital of mystical music in Iran. Most of Iran’s Tanburists have come from this city.
SAHNE


Behistun complex

A World Heritage Site from Achaemenian Era in Kermanshah. A somewhat unique set of artifacts have been found in this particular site. Behistun Inscription and Relief are just the tips of the iceberg. A multilingual inscription and rock relief which goes back to the Achaemenid period.
Behistun complex


Taq-e Gara

Taq-e Gara is a stone structure located on the road from Kermanshah to Sarpol-e Zahab. It is essentially an arch made of stone blocks. The walls are carved with geometric patterns.
Taq-e Gara


Ghar Parau

Ghar Parau is the name of a cave in the Parau Mountain, located 12 km northeast of Kermanshah, between Taq-e Boston and Behistun Mountains. The cave was discovered 40 years ago. It was then the largest vertical cave in the world, which is why at the time they called it the Everest of caves.
Ghar Parau

Hashilan Wetland

Hashilan Wetland is located about 30 km northwest of Kermanshah. There are 110 small and large islands in the area with an area of approximately 100 square meters to about one hectare. During winter and on rainy days, due to the increased water, some of them are hidden.
Hashilan Wetland


Kanduleh village

Kanduleh village, a remnant of the Buyid dynasty
Kanduleh has located 52 km from Sahneh and 75 km from the center of Kermanshah, in the district of Dinner.
Kanduleh village


Hajj village

Hajj village, exceptional architecture
An exceptional village with exceptional architecture, a destination of many tourists every year. The village is a sight to see, from its step shape formation to the natural wonders that are in the vicinity.
Hajj village


Quri Qala

Quri Qala is one of the most beautiful and most valuable water caves in the world, it is 65 million years old. The cave was found with the efforts of English and French Speleologists and Zoologists when they came to find the bats living in the surrounding forests.
Quri Qala

Dalani

One of the interesting areas of tourism in the province of Kermanshah is the recreational area of Dālānī, good weather with beautiful waterfalls and natural scenery which attracts tourists every year.
Dalani