In this article, we are going to introduce Towbiroun Valley. This beautiful valley is located in Sardasht County near Dezful City and its pristine nature is quite spectacular. In this article, we will tell you about the path leading to the valley and why it is called Towbiroun, so come along with us and see where the valley is.
One of Iran’s most spectacular villages.Abyaneh is one of the few villages where its inhabitants have retained their traditional clothing to this day. It is also of interest to tourists. It has good facilities provided for local travelers and tourists alike. The long time ago the locals moved out of the village not knowing that someday it will indeed become a tourist attraction. Nowadays, for various reasons villages are considered to be points of interest in terms of tourism. The reason might be the cultural heritage found in these types of places or the monuments found in them or even religious attractions located in the villages.
All over Iran, there are spectacular villages that can be considered a tourist attraction. Some of them are quite famous and people visit them year round, while some of them are yet unknown. Abyaneh is one of the famous ones; a village located within Isfahan Province, in Natanz County.
On the Persian Gulf freeway, there is a sign in the middle of Kashan-Natanz road, which leads you to the village, when you see it, that’s your cue to exit the freeway. As you follow the road, a narrow and twisted path appears before you, be careful but at the same time try to enjoy the scenery. Eventually, after that, you will reach the village. It is located 35 km northeast of Natanz County, on the slopes of Karkas Mountains. The height of the village from the sea level is 2222 meters, and therefore it is referred to as one of the highest residential areas in Iran. The length of the village’s historical section is 900 meters and its width is about 3 meters.
Architecture is interesting and its monuments are very diverse. You also see various religious elements in this village: the remnants of a fire temple, a congregational mosque, and a shrine. The local’s traditional clothing is also one of the things that attract the attention of visitors.
There is no real evidence indicating the exact time of the formation of the village. According to some, the village dates back to 1500 years ago. They consider Abyaneh as one of the oldest settlements found in the Dasht-e Kavir. There are works from Sassanid, Seljuq, Safavid, and Qajar periods found in the village. They can certify as to how old the village really is. It is said that back then Safavid kings preferred Abyaneh as an overnight stay for when they traveled as part of the Natanz Yaylak. The existence of historical and cultural monuments and their spiritual value has added to the importance of this village. Abyaneh was listed as a national monument in the year 1975.
Kermanshah is located in the middle of the Zagros Mountains and it has always been considered by people from the Stone Age for its weather, mountainous nature and the presence of sanctuaries and natural caves.
In terms of remnants of prehistoric settlements, Kermanshah is one of the important regions in Iran and Western Asia. The earliest works of human habitation in Kermanshah go back to the Paleolithic period which includes several stone shaped axes found in the Gakia region and the west of Harsin. These works are at least 200,000 years old. Significant works have been discovered from the Stone Age in the caves of Kermanshah, most of them in Mesopotamian and Neolithic periods.
Anahita Temple is the largest stone building in Iran after Persepolis. It is considered to be one of the ancient monuments of the BC era and is located in Kanarek, Kermanshah Province. According to historical documents, this temple was used as a temple to seek the respect and protection of the goddess of water, Anahita. After the advent of Islam in Iran, questions were raised as to how the temple had managed to endure for so long. This great monument dates back to the Achaemenid, Parthian, and Sassanian periods.
Fash Mirage is one of the most beautiful natural attractions of Cannavaro, located 10 kilometers southwest of the city. The mirage is about 1645 meters above sea level. It is composed of several springs stemming from the Zagros Mountains. The agricultural water in the whole village comes from this particular mirage. Visar and Bayjan are among the most important rivers that originate from this Mirage. Visar River flows through the village and it is mostly used for irrigation gardens, eventually, it flows into the Bayjan River. This river is used to water agricultural lands nearby. Like all other mirages, this one, in particular, has been created from the limestone formation of the region.
Tekyeh Moaven al-Molk
Tekyeh Moaven al-Molk goes back to the Qajar period, around 114 years ago. This building is a mourning site located in Haddad-e-Adel Street, in Kermanshah. Old people still know the neighborhood with its old name, Abshooran.
Kermanshah’s market is one of the main sections of the city and one of the largest indoor markets in Iran. The market is a proper tourist attraction. In this market, you can buy local clothing, souvenirs, and handicrafts from the Kermanshah Province.
Zagros Paleolithic Museum
Zagros Paleolithic Museum is a prehistoric art site, one of the world’s best-known museums. It is considered to be the first Middle Eastern Paleolithic Museum. The museum is located in the Modaress Street in Kermanshah. It was founded in 2007 by Fereydoun Biglari and Moradi Bitoni. It includes a collection of tools and human bones from the Paleolithic periods in Iran and other countries.
The oldest piece of work in the museum is the tools that have been discovered in the Khorasan River from nearly a million years ago. Also in the museum are Moulages from the Neanderthal-human skull and the intelligent man and also images rebuilt from the Stone Age hunters.
Shafei Mosque is a Sunni Mosque in the city of Kermanshah. It is located in the Kermanshah Market, established in 1324. This mosque leads to the Janshir Square on the one hand, and on the other to the market. It was bought by a number of Sunni benefactors under the leadership of the late Hajj Molasid Hussein Mas’udi. Today, prayers will be held only in the new mosque built alongside the old one.
Taq Boston is a collection of rocks and stones from the Sassanid period that is located in Iran’s Taq Boston neighborhood located northwest of Kermanshah. It was built in the third century and has a great artistic and historical value.
Bam-e Kermanshah is located in the northern part of Kermanshah. it is one of the largest and most beautiful tourist parks in Kermanshah and Iran, located near Taq Boston. In this park, two artificial waterfalls have been built alongside with a building as a memorial for anonymous martyrs.
Kermanshah can be named after Isfahan as the second city to have a flower garden. It is one of the most unique attributes a city can have. An area of 5 hectares, home to 4,000 species of flowers. Four gardens of Iranian, Italian, French and Japanese flowers. It is a beautiful and spectacular region in the spring and summer seasons.
Sadaf Birds Garden
Sadaf Birds Garden is the largest in the Middle East and it is equipped with a boarding hospital for birds.
90% of the birds are imported from South America and East Asia, one the most important species in the garden is a black swan alongside a host of different chicken and cocks. It has 30 thousand birds and 130 species, of which 90% of them are foreign birds and 10% are Iranian birds.
Sahneh, the capital of Iran’s mystical music
Visas & Planning
In case of having an Iran visa, you don’t get in the trouble in most of the borders. If you are traveling by bus or train, land borders would take more time. Women should wear proper clothes not scant, tight or short clothes at the time of their arrival in the border. The visa on arrival process is risky for tourists and they may have to be rejected.