Caravansary in Iran
Caravansary in Iran According to historical sources, the origin of caravansaries in Iran goes back to the reign of Achaemenids. They flourished whenever a central powerful state ruled the country providing higher safety and security of roads and thus transport of commodities. The peak of security and commercial motivations was seen under Shah Abbas’ reign, Thus the Safavid era can be considered as the Golden era in the history of caravansaries in Iran.
However, the construction of caravansaries was not limited to roads, and they were found in all major cities as significant architectural buildings next to mosques, bathhouses, and bazaars.
In fact, these quadruple elements were a characteristic constituent part of urban residential quarters in Iran. caravansaries not only served as a resting place for travelers but a place for exchanging social, political, religious and ethnic views of various peoples.
Most caravansaries were built of baked bricks and gypsum. Some of them with a well of water inside or a cistern outside to collect rainwater for drinking. Some others have housed a garrison of state guards, apparently to maintain control of routes. In most cases, caravansaries have the square enclosure.
Inside the enclosure, there is a large central courtyard which is surrounded by rooms, and each room has an anteroom and behind, a row of stables with raised niches in the walls for use as the sleeping platform. In some occasions, outside the enclosure was a domed cistern. Sadly, nowadays, these historical remaining have left as ruins and a place for homeless and addict people.